How To Deal With Diabetes In Dogs: Signs, Diet, And Treatment

Dogs are more likely than people think to have diabetes mellitus, which is more generally just called diabetes. About 1 in 10 dogs will get diabetes at some point in their lives. Unfortunately, diabetes can’t be cured, but dogs can still live long and happy lives with the proper care and protection.

Every dog owner should know about canine diabetes so they know what to look for in their dogs. If you think your dog might have diabetes, you should always take them to the vet to get them evaluated and then put them on the right treatment plan.

What Is Diabetes In Dogs?

Diabetes mellitus means that your dog’s pancreas can’t control their blood sugar properly. The pancreas’ job is to make insulin, which controls how much glucose (sugar) is in your dog’s blood. If your dog doesn’t have enough glucose in his body, his cells will not have enough energy. This can cause serious problems.

When a dog has diabetes, it doesn’t make enough insulin to control glucose levels. This means that the blood sugar level is too high for its good, which is called hyperglycemia. If the glucose levels get too high, it may leak into your dog’s urine. This is called glucosuria, and it makes your dog drink and pee more than usual.

Different Kinds Of Diabetes In Dogs

Dogs can get Type I, Type II, or Type III diabetes, just like people do. This is what those types mean.

Type I: This happens when the body isn’t making enough insulin. This is the type that dogs most often have.

Type II: When the body shouldn’t react to the insulin that the pancreas produces. This means that cells get less glucose, and the body has more. This only happens sometimes with dogs.

Type III: When the body doesn’t respond to insulin because of other hormones, like those released during pregnancy, or because of growth. This kind doesn’t happen very often in dogs, but if it does, it can be hazardous.

A vet should check to see which type of diabetes your dog has because it can change how the disease is treated. Type I diabetes is what most dogs with diabetes have.

What Are The Causes Of Diabetes In Dogs?

Diabetes in dogs has more than one cause. It can happen to any dog, no matter what age, breed, or health they have. Dogs that haven’t been fixed or neutered, older dogs, dogs that are overweight, dogs that have Cushing’s disease, or dogs that have pancreatitis are more likely to get diabetes.

What Kinds Of Dogs Are Most Likely To Get Hurt?

Dogs of any age or type can get diabetes, but older dogs and adults are more likely to get it than pups. Between 7 and 10 years old is when most dogs are first told they have diabetes. Diabetes can happen to any dog breed, but the following are more likely to get it:



Bichon Frises

Cocker Spaniels







Labrador Retrievers

Miniature Schnauzers

German Shepherds

Golden Retrievers

Symptoms Of Diabetes In Dogs

Even Though Not All Dogs With Diabetes Show The Same Signs, Here Are Some That Happen A Lot:

Eating more

Loss of weight

More frequent urination

Drinking too much water

Having cloudy eyes

Repeated infections

If any of these things happen to your dog, you should call your vet right away. As soon as you notice that your dog has diabetes, you can start giving them medicine.

How To Treat Diabetes In Dogs

Besides looking for signs, vets can also tell if your dog has diabetes by finding high amounts of glucose in their blood or pee. Diabetes is the only common disease in dogs that makes blood glucose levels rise very quickly. There isn’t a cure for diabetes, but there are ways to handle it well.

Insulin shots are the primary way to treat a dog that has been identified with diabetes. Most dogs need insulin shots twice a day. Giving their dogs shots sounds scary to many dog owners, but most dogs won’t mind because it’s just a tiny amount of insulin in a small needle. You can learn how to give the shots correctly from a doctor or vet tech.

Your vet may be able to give you at-home blood and pee tests so that you can quickly check on your diabetic dog’s health from home. If something seems wrong, you can use a test to figure out if it’s an emergency. Save your vet’s number and the number of an emergency vet in your phone so you can quickly call a professional when you need to.

How To Treat Diabetes In Dogs Without Insulin

It’s not often possible to treat a diabetic dog without giving it insulin shots. Even though it might be scary, it’s usually the best way to keep your dog safe and healthy. There may be other treatments that can help your pet, but you should only try them if your vet says it’s okay.

Even though insulin shots are required, other things should be done at the same time. For example, you should talk to your doctor before picking out a particular food for your dog. Most diabetic dogs do better on meals that are high in fibre and have the right amounts of fat, protein, and carbs to keep their blood sugar levels safe. A vet may need to tell you what food is best for your dog in some situations. Here are some ideas for what to feed a dog that has diabetes.

Most vets say that female diabetic dogs should be fixed if they aren’t already. In the same way that people with diabetes should exercise, you should talk to your vet about how to get your dog to exercise.


Diabetes in dogs is common, but it can be managed. About 1% of dogs have it. It happens when insulin production or reaction isn’t enough, which causes blood sugar levels to rise. There are three types: I, II, and III. Type I is what most dogs have. Diabetes can happen to any dog, but some kinds and factors make it more likely.

Early detection of signs is critical. Insulin shots, a particular food, and advice from a vet are used for treatment. With the proper care, diabetic dogs can live happy, whole lives. This shows how important it is to be a good pet parent and take your dog to the vet regularly.

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